Mellerstain House is a Georgian masterpiece which was designed by architect William Adam and is a stately home located around 13 kilometers north of Kelso in the borders of Scotland. The interior design of the house is considered as Robert Adam finest works and is currently the home of 14 Earl of Haddington.
William Adam was a Scottish architect and among his buildings, the most important work includes the Duff House and Hopetoun House, Edinburgh. The design of the house was later altered by William Adam son Robert Adam. William Adam was called to provide plans for the ornate house and it was said that the house must be having long wings astride a central block.
Mellerstain House stands in 80 hectares of parkland having terrace garden at the rear end of the building along with a sweeping stretch of lawn descending to a lake. The gardens of Mellerstain were designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield around 1910.
Mellerstain was built between 1725 and 1778 and William Adam was assigned to design the interior and exterior design of the house. Adam initially designed the east and west wing for George Baillie and for his beautiful wife Lady Grisell.
The Estate passed to George Baille’s grandson George Hamilton who later changed his name to Mellerstain. The construction work was ceased when the two wings were completed and after 45 years George Baille asked Robert Adam to design and build the mansion house.
This mansion house is the only remaining complete building which was designed by Robert Adam other buildings or house are either demolished or completely altered. In 1725, the Baillies decided to replace the outmoded tower house with totally new classical style mansion.
Interior and Exterior Design
The interior of the house is a masterpiece of Adam’s work where you can see delicate and colorful plaster work comprises of a small sitting room which was originally used as a breakfast room. Silk brocade wall carvings can be seen in the main drawing room, library hall, and a dining room. Bedrooms for guests and o
thers are located on the first floor of Mellerstain House. The main entrance of the house leads to the long corridor along with a staircase to the bedroom floor.
At the back of the bedroom floor is a small staircase which leads to large gallery room running north to south. The artistic work of William Adams can be seen in the design of each bedroom. Original wallpapers which were hand printed in late 18th Century can be seen in all other bedrooms. The Gallery House displays costumes, fans, documents and embroideries.
If you want to see the best example of Adam’s Castle style, the exterior of the house can be taken into consideration. The interior is a mix of comfortable family home along with some other exquisite staterooms where visitors can spend some time and enjoy a totally different style of architecture.
There were many different architects involved in the design and structure of Mellerstain House which includes, William Adam, James Runciman, Robert Adam. The plan of thatched icehouse was proposed by Robert Smirke in 1825 and the terrace and garden of the house were designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield. The plan for the cascade of the bridge was proposed by Mr. Craws.
The interior fittings used for decoration were selected by Baillie who always choose stucco decoration. As Baille does not want to have elaborate cornice, there were changes in the design and the new design was reduced as of original design. The upper story fittings were done in a wooden model which was prepared for Lord Aberdeen.
The East wing kitchen floor was made in which new type of imitation marbles was used which were imported from a Swedish inventor.
The north side entrance is quite forbidding, however, the south facade of the house is a delight with carefully controlled level changes flowing down on the lake.
Gardens and Parkland
The beautiful areas of Parkland were laid din 1725 by one of the Scottish Architect William Adam. On other hand, the gardens were designed by Reginald Blomfield in 1910.
To make it look beautiful from outside, Italianate terraces and herbaceous borders were planned to complement along with Georgian House.
Within the gardens, sturdy Oaks, Beeches, sylvan ash act as a heaven for animals and other birds.